TANZANIA-KENYA
29 June-30 July 2002
By Yves Van Roosbroeck (yvesvanroosbroeckpandorabe).


Nairobi

Bok takes his backpack from the conveyor belt and Mario and me are watching.  Minutes later I becomes clear to us.  We will have to come back again tomorrow, our luggage has not arrived.  Then it also cannot be stolen in Nairobbery is what we think optimistically!
We are in Nairobi, the capital of Kenya.  According to books and travel reports, the city is a dark robbers’ den.  It is already dark when we leave the airport building and a taxi takes us to our hotel.  It is a lousy guesthouse on the 8th floor of a big concrete building.  The eternal bustle of the metropolis and the noise of the cars keep us awake all night long.
The next morning, we agree about one thing, we want to get out of Nairobi as soon as possible to find some quieter and safer places.  But firstly we have to go back to the airport to collect our two missing backpacks.  Luckily, they have arrived! We can enter Nairobi for the second time…
 

Lake Naivasha

In the dusty village of Naivasha, we are pushed into a matatu with 21 people.  We are sitting in the back.  For outsiders: a matatu is a minivan, the size of a van that holds 6 to 8 people in our country.  At the Fisherman’s Campsite, we exit the matatu through the window in the back.  By doing so, all the other passengers don’t have to evacuate the van to let us out!
We rent a hut with a view on the lake for two days.  There should live hippo’s in the lake that come out at night to graze on the shore.  First seeing, then believing!
We take a walk to explore the surroundings of the lake and we meet Thomas.  He is a black Kenyan and the owner of a neighbouring hotel.  After we did some small talk, he asks us if we are interested to go watch the final game of the World Cup 2002 in a private bar of a power company.
Surrounded by only black supporters, we watch the game on TV.  Germany is fighting against the much better team of Brazil.  The black supporters are not hiding anything, Brazil is their favourite!  The last-mentioned wins the Cup and the black people are satisfied.
Back at the lake, we wait for the hippo’s in the dark, weaponed with our camera’s.  But they don’t show up.  When we are out of patience and the thirst comes up, we enter the bar and try the local beer: Tusker!  Quite nice!
In our hut, a badly installed mosquito-net results in an uncomfortable night and a constant fight with the net and the blankets.

We have breakfast at Thomas’ place between the chickens and the goats.  It looks as if he made his ‘hotel’ all by himself with things he found somewhere.  It looks old, but it has got something ‘genuine’.  Thomas used to be a chemist, just like I am, but now not any more.  Working with tourists raises more money to him these days in Kenya.  When he was still a chemist, he travelled to Europe for his work many times because he was one of the few employees who had a travel-passport.  “I was in Iceland.  It’s a very cold country!”  Thomas knows about the European culture and he knows how we think, that is his strength.  He knows we don’t like to bargain for everything and has fixed, but reasonable prices.  Thomas gains our trust immediately and will be our guide for the coming days.
The interesting thing about Kenya and Tanzania is that the game-parks are not surrounded by wires or fences and for that reason, it is possible to encounter almost any animal at any place.
On the way to Crater Lake in Thomas rusty vehicle, we are lucky already!  There are impala’s and warthogs besides the road.  Our first encounter with the African wildlife during this holidays is amplified by some zebra’s and vervet-monkeys.
The water of Crater Lake is emerald-green and there are some 1500 pink flamingo’s in the lake.  The circumference of the lake is about 2 kilometres.  The inside of the crater wall is covered with acacia-trees with Colobus-monkeys in them.  Bok and Mario’s first photo-film is finished quickly with all this beauty!

Crater Lake

On the way back, Thomas takes us to a much smaller lake, where we can watch hippo’s.  On the shore of the lake, a group of Masai-people live there.  The Masai are nomads, from whom the elderly refuse any form of development.  The people have always lived in harmony with nature and their herds of sheep, goat and especially cows provide them with all their needs.  The herds are holy to them.  The Masai live especially in the south of Kenya and the north of Tanzania.  Big parts of their former habitat are now protected as natural reserves by the government and the Masai are not allowed to live in these protected area’s any more.  The Masai-Mara National Park in Kenya and the adjacent Serengeti National Park in Tanzania are now a forbidden zone for the Masai and this causes a lot of problems and protest from the nomads.  Now they roam some private properties in the vicinity that are actually way too small to fill their needs.  Some of them yield to progress and try to live from what’s much more important to the government: tourism.  They guide tourists or earn money by posing for pictures in their colourful traditional clothes.  The more conservative Masai are stubborn and try to hold on to their traditions, but they are hindered by the government.  For instance, there is this tradition that a young Masai at the age of 14 undergoes the circumcision-ritual and after that, he is left alone in the bushes.  Only after he slaughtered a lion by his own hands, he can return to the community, showing them the heart and the tail of the lion as proof.  Since lions are endangered and protected nowadays, the slaughtering of the animals is forbidden and the tradition fades away.  To give the Masai some room for their traditions, the government allows them to kill a dangerous or unwanted lion that occurs somewhere sometimes.  In this way, the traditions and wishes of the Masai can somehow stay alive.
Surrounded by hundreds of cows and goats, we watch the hippo’s from the shore.  Some young Masai approach us with some hesitation and a little while later, they are close by.  They look curious, but ask or say nothing.  One of them seems very interested in Bok’s camera and tries to look through the lens while kneeling.  Mario lets the kid watch the hippo’s through his camera.  The young generation of Masai seems interested in modern technology and wants to know about that!
In the evening at the campsite, the hippo’s again don’t show up.  We have dinner at Thomas’ place with some others.

The Masai
 


Crescent Island

Crescent Island is, as the name already suggests, a half-moon-shaped peninsula within the lake Naivasha.  We can walk there freely between giraffes, waterbucks, wildebeests, zebra’s, impala’s and pythons.  All these animals, with the exception of the pythons, are brought here for the recordings of the movie “Out Of Africa” with Robert Redford and Meryl Streep in the cast.  The landing site where the actor had put down his airplane is still here!
There are no dangerous animals here, we wouldn’t be able to walk here safely if there were.

A giraffe on Crescent Island

In the Serengeti, the yearly wildebeest migration has begun.  The animals run to the north, towards Kenya, because it is much greener there than in the drying Serengeti.  Strangely enough, the wildebeests from Crescent Island also show this behaviour of going northwards.  If I tell you that this peninsula is only 2 square kilometres big and therefore it has no differences in climate, it seems totally meaningless to do so.  Nevertheless, Crescent Islands wildebeests run to the north from May to November and south from December to April, as if they have a sensor that tells them to do so!  That is so strange!
Thomas takes us to the clean Silver Hotel in Naivasha.  We change some money in a bank and say goodbye to Thomas.
In our hotel, we want to make a wild guess and order matumbo for dinner, without knowing what it is.  I ask the waitress what it is and she says: “Euhh…meat!”.  According to Mario, it is kidneys in their own juice and according to me, it is the skin of a hippo.  Anyway, there is a big chance that we ate some organs here.  It doesn’t taste good at all.

Tanzania

We leave Kenya already, after changing buses in Nairobi.  In the beautiful evening-colours, we ride through the savannah and the view is magnificent.  The primitive Masai-villages in the middle of the savannah give us the impression that we travelled back in time.  Some ostriches are scattered throughout the landscape.  Colourful nomads, surrounded by their herds, roam the fields.  The windows of our bus are like TV-screens from National Geographic Television.
Right after we arrive in Arusha, all kinds of safari’s and trekkings are thrown at us by all kinds of travel-agencies.  Each of them is the best and there are more than 200 of them.  Tomorrow we will take our time to choose a decent travel-agency to arrange our trek to the Kilimanjaro and safari in the Serengeti.
The travel-agency Victoria Expeditions from our hotel Meru House Inn seems to be the best choice to us, but we also take a look at African Adventures, the company that our friends Theo and Katrien went with 3 years ago.  In the guest-book, I can find their 3 year old writings! After bargaining, we choose Victoria Expeditions after all.

Kilimanjaro

In six days time, we will try to climb the Kilimanjaro, with its 5895 meters the highest mountain of Africa, to the top.  We are a group of 3 only and 4 porters, a cook and a guide will help us to try to bring this undertaking to a good ending.
The climb starts at 1700 m above sea-level on a muddy trail through the jungle.  We climb today on the Machame-trail to 2700 m above sea-level in the rain.  There is the first camp.  One of our porters falls over a slippery tree-root with his basket full of pots and pans.  Mario sings “Ten small Negro’s”.  A while later, our guide and the porters are out of sight, we left them far behind.
After hiking for ten kilometres, we arrive at camp 1 and we can already see the top of the Kili.  Perhaps it would have been better if we didn’t see that, because it seems so far away and completely out of reach.
In the morning, it is terribly cold and the first rays of sunshine are like a god.  Today, we will climb from 2700m to 3800m a.s.l., a good kilometre up, but there is still enough oxygen in the air and we are in good shape.  On the contrary, one of our porters isn’t that well.  Almost at camp 2, he is exhausted and sits besides the track with his overload-backpack next to him.  Our guide Arusha is angry at him.  The poor porter is almost crying.  We propose to take the heavy backpack ourselves for the last part of today’s hike, but Arusha doesn’t want that.  Is he afraid that his tip will be smaller at the end of the trip, or is he trying to rescue his pride? With 2 big backpacks, one on his back and the other one on his head, Arusha continues to walk, followed by us.
Suddenly, egg yolks start to drop from the backpack, eggs must have been broken.  Still Arusha doesn’t allow us to give him a hand and walks-on while cursing all the time.  When we arrive at camp 2, our poor porter gets another yell from our guide Arusha, while he throws his anger at the porter.
As long as the sun is above the skyline, it is still pretty warm at 3800 m, but once the sun has set, it cools down pretty quickly.  When darkness has fallen, I watch the stars, they are much brighter here than in Belgium.  I can see the Scorpion, the Southern Cross, the Milky Way.  And look there, a falling star!  Guess what my wish is!
The altitude is becoming sensible.  When I get up, I have a severe headache.  Much worse than the hangover-headache I experience after going-out on a Friday evening in Heist.  The medication hardly does any good.
Today is “acclimatising-day”.  We climb on to 4600 m to subsequently descend to 3900 m, where camp 3 is located.  The top comes slightly closer now, but is still far away.  The sky is clear-blue and the clouds are below us.  The air-temperature is not that high, because of the thin air, but the rays of the sun are becoming more powerful because of the atmosphere getting thinner the higher we climb.  The hats and caps are put on, because anyone who gets a sunstroke now, must go down without any excuse!
We ask our guide Arusha what matumbo is, the strange dish we ate in Kenya.  “Stomach”, says Arusha while laughing.  We ate stomach in Kenya, yuk!
The day after acclimatising, we climb on to the respectable height of 4900 m, where camp 4 is.  One day to adapt to the height wasn’t enough, because the headache remains.  The vegetation became scarce and we passed the tree level long ago.  At this altitude, the only things that grow here are tiny dry flowers.
Breathing becomes more and more difficult and the sun is hard to stand.  At this altitude, the sun is both a blessing and a curse.  If it is not there, it is way too cold and we want the sun to shine.  But if it is there, the rays are so powerful that we wish it would disappear behind a cloud.  The summit is still a thousand meters above my head and I already realise it will not be a joke to get up there!
At midnight, we commence the final climb to the summit of the Kilimanjaro.  The sky is full of stars.  The Southern Cross, accompanied by the Charcoal-hole is already setting.  The Milky Way is sky-high and also the Scorpion is a silent witness of our foolish nightly undertaking.  There is no moon.
We put our flashlights on our heads and the final ascend starts.  The interesting nightly sky causes me to watch up too much and don’t mind the narrow trail below enough.  I almost fall several times.
Soon enough, we are at 5000 m above sea level.  A non-trained person like I am doesn’t mean much at this altitude.  The air is so thin that I can’t think straight any more and every unexpected movement takes my breath literally away.  Is this sportive achievement good for the body? Forget that! This is not healthy for mind and body!
We keep on rising and there seems to come no end to this.  The starlight is enough to light-up the white snowy summit of the Mountain.  It doesn’t seem to come any closer.  These are hard times.
The laws of physics are changing.  Down isn’t down any more, and up seems to make a side-turn in a yet undiscovered dimension.  The guide reaches me his walking-stick.  I accept that gratefully.
Only half of my conscience is in my mind, the other half is lost along the track.  That summit doesn’t appear to come any closer!
Lack of sleep and oxygen are killing Mario and Bok also, but every step we take is as important as all the previous steps and the steps that have yet to be taken.  These are no holidays any more.
Half unconscious I am resting with my head on a rock and the constellation of Orion rises.  And the moon also appears.  She hangs on her side and laughs at us.  We are almost there, only half an hour more, Arusha says.  I can already hear the angels in heaven.
We are at Stella Point, the top, but not yet the highest point.  To reach the highest point, we have to climb for one more hour to Uhuru Peak.  When we finally arrive there, we see some 5 more white guys that look like dead bodies.  The 3 of us all reached the highest point and we take some pictures here.  And right now, I want to go down, where there is more oxygen.  There is a beautiful sunrise and the colours are magnificent, but somehow I cannot enjoy that.
The way down isn’t exactly easier than the way up and I can see some more pink elephants.  On loose rocks, we slide down and every time we take a rest, I fall asleep until the strong sunrays wake me up again.  There is no shade.
At 10 o’clock in the morning, we are at camp 4 again at 4900 m above sea level.  Arusha allows us to sleep for one hour-and-a-half.  We have some soup and walk down for 4 more hours until we reach camp 5 at 2400 m.  It is a boring walk.  We stay above the tree-level, only some small bushes appear.  We sleep at camp 5.

Kilimanjaro

Although we are not that satisfied about our guide Arusha, the 6 black guys get a good tip from us.  The porters and the cook worked hard for us, and the most important thing is that they took us up there and down again safely!
The last part of the descend ends the same way as the ascend begun: a muddy hike through the jungle.  At the end of the trail, we receive a certificate for our achievement.

At the top

Back in Arusha I enter an internet café to read the news after being isolated from the outside world for one week.  Suicide-attacks in Israel, declining stock-markets, train-disaster in Italy and threats of war from Bush towards Iraq.  But there is also one good piece of news! Eight days ago, on July 2nd, my sister Ils gave birth to the little Nina.  Everyone’s all right and I am a happy uncle now!

On safari

 

Like a team, sent by the National Geographic Television, we go on safari to the Ngorongoro-crater and the Serengeti.  Mario and Bok, the two photographers, me, the writer, Linus, the guide and Moshi, the cook.  Our large jeep with the open roof seems to come from Jurassic Park.  A ride through the colourful Masai-villages brings us to the Panoramic Lodge at the edge of the Lake Manyara National Park.  It is a brand-new camping lodge with a nice view on Lake Manyara and the protected reserve that surrounds the lake.  On our way, we can see some large baobab-trees.  3 years ago, we saw the related boab-trees in Australia.
A very friendly Negro, who looks a bit like actor Morgan Freeman and has the voice of Kofi Annan, welcomes us at the lodge.
Our very young cook Moshi cooks us a nice meal and after that, Linus takes us to the park.  The weather is very nice.  The park consists of a very dense jungle and thus we don’t expect to see much wildlife in this green labyrinth.  But we are wrong, there are lots of baboons, vervet-monkeys, impala’s and giraffes.
A very close encounter with a herd of elephants is to follow.  Also zebra’s, wildebeest and hippo’s appear on stage and an action of a beautiful kingfisher, that captures a fish after diving in the river, almost makes us applaud.
After the tough climb to the top of the Kili, we now have the feeling of holidays again.  In the evening at the lodge, we have a beer and the holiday-mood has fully returned.

Kingfisher in action

At breakfast we hear that 2 more people will join us for the rest of the safari.  There is room for 5, so why not.  Frey is from Holland and Jason is from Hong Kong.  They are both nice and will improve the atmosphere during the safari, that much is already clear to me.  They are both doing an exchange-program in the slums of Nairobi for their university, but now they have some holidays and that is why they join the safari.  Jason is a little crazy and Frey is somewhat more serious.
The Ngorongoro-crater has a diameter of about 20 km and is home to lots of wild animals.  There is no wire or fence here, but the steep edge of the crater keeps the animals more or less inside the crater-wall.  When there is a big drought and the vegetation becomes scarce, some animals temporary leave the crater, but when the climate allows it, they always come back.  The view is very nice and the animals provide the finishing touch.
We see lions, rhino’s, elephants and ugly, but funny hippo’s.  The latter are lying lazy in the water all day long and every now and then, they shake their tails in the water to keep their back wet.  Every 5 minutes, they turn around lazy and this always rises laughter in our jeep.  When a hippo is yawning, we are laughing even more!
Today we saw 4 of the big 5 already.  The elephant, the buffalo, the rhino and the lion.  Only the leopard remains to be seen, but this animal is shy and only active at night.  That is why it is difficult to spot.  Perhaps tomorrow in the Serengeti we will have some more luck.

Zebra's in the Ngorongorocrater

At the dinner table, our Chinese Jason from Hong Kong goes crazy again.  “It’s time for his pill”, says Frey, the Dutch girl.
 

Elephant

We are on our way to the Serengeti National Park.  Linus asks if we are interested to see the Olduvai-site.  It is a site where excavations are being done, even today, to find clues about the origins of the homo-sapiens, or modern man.  For decades they were looking for the “missing link” between the anthropoid and man.  Here in Olduvai Gorge, there is a chasm that was filled-up gradually with volcanic dust that was coming from a close-by volcano exactly at that time of the transition between anthropoid and man.  In these sediments, fossils were found that close the gap and the missing link was found here.  Now it is generally accepted by scientists that mankind originates in Africa.  In Ethiopia and Chad, similar fossils have been found also.
We visit the small museum at the Olduvai site and we have a view across the valley where American researchers are at work.  The cradle of mankind is at our feet!

Lizard in the Serengeti


Serengeti means “endless sea” in Swahili.  The yellow grass with the typical African flat-topped acacia’s seems to be endless indeed.  It is Tanzania’s biggest national park and it is exactly half the size of Belgium.
Linus is very alert.  He shows us tens of lions and elephants and hundreds of antelopes.  Also monkeys, hippo’s, ostriches and warthogs.  We cannot find a leopard today.  On his first day of safari, Jason took 130 digital pictures already!
Our campsite is a little disappointing when compared to the lodge from last night.  Frey visits the public convenience and I inform myself afterwards if it is OK.  “It’s a hole-in-the-ground model and some previous visitors managed to miss the hole”, says Frey.  I know enough already!  There is also no hot water, but that’s OK, we are in the bushes and we can live with that.  The campground is not surrounded by a wire, so all the wildlife can walk across here freely.  When I am sitting in my tent in the evening, I can hear the hyena’s cry.  After similar adventures in Namibia, four years ago, I took precautions this time.  A small bottle of Gordons Dry Gin makes the fear go away, so that I can enjoy the sounds of the wild animals at night!
In the morning, four elephants walk right next to the campground.  They eat everything that’s in their way and pushing down a tree is not a problem.  Slowly they move on, while ignoring the campground.
In a dry river bed along the road, we meet a group of lions that just caught a wildebeest.  One lioness eats the dead wildebeest body while the other lions are hiding behind the bushes.
A while further on up the road, some wildebeest are crossing a river on their migration to the north, to Kenya.  Some ten crocodiles wait patiently in the water until a wildebeest or zebra comes closer.  Then the crocodiles will attack without mercy, but not in front of our eyes today.
A Volkswagen-minibus with some aging Americans inside hear about the eating lions from Linus and they want to see them also.  We show them the place where the lions are hiding, but their minibus cannot reach that place, because the river-bed is too deep.  We allow the Americans to enter our jeep to get through the river bed.  One of the two women has the typical American body-size, it makes that we are cramped for room in our jeep.  One American old-timer doesn’t really understand what is happening and he becomes so excited and impatient that he seems to have in mind to walk to the lions.  That should result in some interesting pictures! At least for us.

A lioness eats a wildebeest

In a sausage-tree, so-called because there grow sausage-shaped fruits on the branches, we can see a leopard that is sleeping on a branch! We are lucky to see this animal, because as I said earlier, they are nocturnal animals.  During the day, they often are lazy lying on a branch of a tree.
Satisfied, because we saw all the “big five” now, we return to the campground.  On the way back, we can see a rare serval.  It’s a cat the size of an ordinary domestic cat, but it has a fur with the same colours and pattern of a cheetah.
The night is suspenseful again! I can hear lions roar from different directions.  And the chased warthogs grunt in panic!  The gin makes me at ease again, I can enjoy the sounds of pure Africa once more!
Yesterday, Frey proposed to undertake an early-morning-safari today.  In the morning, most animals are more active because it isn’t that hot at that time.  Most of all, we want to encounter cheetahs, because these big cats are almost the only species we haven’t seen on our safari yet.  Bok thinks he saw everything already and he remains in his tent on the campground.
At first, we don’t see much special besides from a cool sunrise and some hot-air-balloons flying low.  They carry tourists to make an air-safari that is presumably very beautiful, but way too expensive for us.

Balloon-safari

Two lionesses have a drink in a small river that crosses the road and we are in an ideal position to make cool pictures of that.  There images reflect in the water.  This picture will be, without any doubt, the new wallpaper of my desktop at work!



Shortly before we enter the campground again, Linus halts our vehicle…there are two cheetahs in the grass! Mission accomplished, we saw everything.  “Too bad for Bok!”, says Frey.
After breakfast, we head back for Arusha.  The trip takes almost all-day and we have a flat tire on the way back.

Giraffe close to the exit of the park

Back in Arusha, we have pizza with Jason and Frey in the cosy place Pizzarusha.  Our two friends will go to Zanzibar, while we will spend some time in the Usambara Mountains in the east of Tanzania first.  Perhaps Jason and Frey will still be on Zanzibar when we arrive there, but that looks unlikely.
Jason wants to buy the flag of Tanzania, like he also did in Kenya.  He asked all the friends he made in Kenya to sign that flag.  He likes that as a souvenir.  In Tanzania, it doesn’t seem to be easy to buy the flag, all his previous attempts failed.  He regrets the fact that he doesn’t have the flag yet, because he wanted us to sign that.
It doesn’t happen very often, but sometimes Jason is serious.  At these moments, he shows that he learned so much from his experiences in Kenya and Tanzania and that these experiences broadened his scope and vision so much.  Jason is determined to do something about the problems of poverty in Africa in his life, but at the same time, he realises that he alone cannot do much about that.  “I am too small” is what he says.  He doesn’t want to be rich as long as there are hungry people in the world.  If everybody in the world would be a bit more like Jason, I bet the world would be a much better place than it is now!
We say goodbye to these two nice people.
In Arusha, today we take a day of rest.  We go to the bank because we almost run out of money.  Bok is still sleepy.  He wants to exchange traveller-cheques for the amount of 200.000 shilling.  With a surprised face, he comes telling me that the bank-employee only pays in US dollar or Tanzanian shilling.  I tell Bok: “Well, we are in Tanzania, why aren’t Tanzanian shilling good enough for you?”  Bok says: “Oops, I thought I needed Kenyan shillings, how stupid of me!”
Bok returns to the counter.  Luckily for him, it’s a different counter now.  The new employee asks Bok what kind of notes he wants and Bok answers: The smallest ones.  Mario and I heard that, we are watching the scene from a distance.  “What’s he doing now!?”, I say.  The smallest notes are 500 shilling and Bok realises his second stupidity.  “He messes up everything!”, says Mario.  Bok clarifies to the bank-employee that this large amount of paper (400 notes!) will never fit into his wallet.  In the end, he gets larger notes.  The nicest scenes often appear in the least-expected places!

Usambara Mountains

Lushoto is a quiet village in the Usambara Mountains in the east of Tanzania.  We meet a couple from Kortrijk and with them, we plan a day-trip for tomorrow to a mountain-top in the neighbourhood.
In the Mandarine Hotel, we seem to be the only 3 guests.  When we have dinner in the hotel, 20 more plates are on the tables.  Long after we finished our dinner, still nobody shows up and we assume that these plates are put there only to give us the impression that many people have dinner here.  Late in the evening, 20 hungry Norwegians show up.  No more quietness now!

Fruitsale in the Usambara Mountains


With our guide Abu and Linda and Frank from Kortrijk, we climb to the Rolling Rock.  Linda has some problems with that climb.  Three days before departure to Tanzania, she had a foot-operation and now she cannot follow us.  Frank stays behind with her, when Abu takes us to the top of the mountain.
We are off the beaten track and the local people are more friendly than in for instance Arusha.  We eat passion fruits and sugarcane that grows next to the road.  On the coffee-plants, there are several chameleons.  We can hold them, because they never bite according to Abu.  But the animals do make a threatening sound!
When we go down again, we meet Linda and Frank again in the village where we had left them.  They seem to know all the villagers already.  Fifteen black people surround them, all laughing and acting crazy.
In the evening we have dinner in the Sun Hotel.  All customers are white, there are 15 of them and by coincidence, all of them are Belgians!  After dinner, we say goodbye to Linda and Frank.
We charter a vehicle to go to the village of Mtae, 65 kilometres to the northeast from Lushoto.  We have to drive slowly, because the dirt-road is full of holes.  In the village of Mlalo, we make a stop.  Many farmers cultivate the land here, they grow vegetables in the area around Mlalo.
Tanzania is just like so many other African countries, very poor.  In recent years, many of the crop-harvests have failed due to the continuous drought.  After September 11th, tourism also declined and the income of the country has dropped drastically.  The entire economy of the nation is in a downward spiral and, despite the nice words of president Mkapa, there is no progress in sight for the near future.
In a restaurant in Mlalo, there is an old poster against the wall with the slogan: “The great thing in this world is that it doesn’t matter where we are now.  The important thing is in which direction we are going.”  The poster dates from a time in the past when it all went better.  Now the colours of the poster have faded, together with the optimism in the slogan…
The road literally stops in Mtae.  The village is located on a rock, close to an abyss.  On the streets, the children approach us.  Some are afraid, some are not.  When we walk through a primary school, we are the main attraction for the children.

Children in Mtae


It is an area with mountains and because a lot of farming is done here, the ground is subject to erosion.  That is why different projects, funded by especially German and Dutch money, are set-up here to do re-foresting.  Different from our regions, the layer of fertile soil is very thin in the tropics.  Only tree-roots prevent the soil from flowing away after heavy rainfall.  If the trees are cut-down to do farming, the rain will wash-away all the fertile soil, especially in mountain-areas like these.  Mud-flows are created and naked rock is all that remains.  And consequently, farming comes to an end also.  That is why it is so important to prevent erosion and re-foresting is the best way to do so.
In our hotel in Lushoto, we really are the only visitors tonight.  The boss tells us that he felt September 11th very hard to his income this year.  CNN is on and they talk about the threat of war from America towards Iraq and the hotel manager has a bad feeling about that.  Will even less tourists come to his hotel?
When he asks us where our women are, I reply: ”You know the Bob Marley-song, No woman, no cry?”.  He laughs very loud after that.

Dar Es Salaam

We don’t like Dar.  When we get off the bus, we don’t know exactly where we are, so the taxi-driver can ask us any price he wants.  Our hotel is owned by a Muslim, so it is alcohol-free.  In the city there is not much to see and tiresome touts follow us all the time.  Many restaurants and bars from the Lonely Planet have gone or moved.  The Hard Rock-café is closed due to yearly holidays, and that in the middle of height-season!  There is however one place we do like, the new Florida Pub.  The food is tasty and cheap and there is beer.  We almost spend the whole day in this bar, which is our only positive experience in Dar Es Salaam.

Zanzibar

Zanzibar is an island that belongs to Tanzania, but it has however some semi-autonomy.  The ferry-trip from the mainland takes about two hours and at the border-control, we receive a stamp from Zanzibar in our passports.  After we passed the border, we are followed by 9(!) black people that all want to accompany us to a hotel suggested by them to collect a commission-fee from that hotel.  They are fighting and shouting at each other, because they all want to take us to their place.  They want to get rid of each other.  It is their way to survive.  Only the porter of our backpacks gets a tip from us, he is the only one that actually did something for us.  After passing two fully-booked hotels, we arrive at the Haven Guesthouse and here is some room for us.  The hotel manager laughs at the fighting black people and we are happy we got rid of them.  Besides from this incident, Zanzibar seems to be a paradise at first sight.
Haven Guesthouse is located in the heart of Stonetown, the capital of Zanzibar.  The centre  is a labyrinth of narrow alley’s between white-chalked houses.  There are no cars within the centre, the alley’s are too narrow for them.
Zanzibar is an island of spices.  The land that wasn’t privatised, was divided by the government among the poor people and now they grow ginger, cinnamon, clove, pepper, coffee, coconut, banana etcetera.  They can live from that, but they won’t become rich of it.
We take the popular spice-tour and we can taste all the spices, which put our mouth on fire.  They say that 80% of all the clove-production in the world comes from Zanzibar.  The remaining 20% comes mainly from Asia.
Zanzibar is also the place of birth of the late Freddie Mercury, the singer from the British pop-group Queen.  He died of AIDS more than ten years ago.

Bounty-beach on Zanzibar


Through e-mail, I learnt that our friends Jason and Frey from the safari-adventure in the Serengeti are still in Zanzibar.  We can meet them today if we stay in Stonetown.  They return from the northern beaches and take the boat back to mainland Africa today.
Jason is happy to see us again.  He managed to buy the Tanzanian flag and now we can still sign it.  It was a difficult task to find the flag.  He could eventually buy it in a governmental building 3 km outside of Dar Es Salaam.  He was afraid, because that building looked like a jail and he was interrogated about what he intended to do with the flag.  After that, Jason had to listen to the story about the meaning of the flag.  The green colour stands for the plants of Tanzania, the yellow for the minerals, the black for the people and the blue for the water.
On the roof of the Africa House Hotel, we have lunch, sign Jason’s flag and say goodbye.
In the evening, we leave a bar at 11.30 PM and I am approached by a black guy.  “I want to speak the truth”, he says to me.  “I am a tout and survive from the tips I get from hotel-and restaurant-owners when I bring tourists to them.  But today I had bad luck and couldn’t earn any money.  Now I am hungry.  Could you please give me something, it doesn’t have to be money.  A plate of food from the fish-market?”  I shudder to think of a man having to survive this way and I give him what he asked me for.
With a wooden boat full of cockroaches, we go to Changuu Island, better known as Prison Island.  It is a very tiny, but green island 30 minutes outside Stonetown.  In the past, it was used by the Arabs to fatten the Negro-slaves that were too thin, in order to make more money out of them.  The ruins of the prisons are still here, the slaves are all sold many years ago…
Prison Island is also haven to the last big remaining colony of Aldabra-tortoises.  They originate from the Seychelles, but have become extinct there already.  The cause: man.
The adult animals are 1 meter in length, 300 kg heavy and become 100 years of age.  It is the only species of 8 giant tortoise-species that inhabited the islands of the Indian Ocean that is not extinct yet.  The Aldabra-tortoise is the second biggest species, only the Galapagos-tortoise in Ecuador is even bigger.  Besides Prison Island, there is a small population on Mauritius and perhaps some animals in a zoo somewhere across the globe.  The tortoises on Prison Island are heavily guarded behind an electrical wire.  Before they installed this wire, many animals were stolen.  In 1996, there were only 7 tortoises left on the island, but now the number has increased to approximately 200.
There are signs everywhere with the text: “Do not sit on the tortoises please.  Thank you!”
I can imagine that some children want to have a ride on the back of a tortoise.

Aldabra tortoise


Back in Stonetown, Mario and I think that our hair has become too long and we go to a hairdresser.  Once our hair is cut, we leave the place and the hairdresser escorts us back to our guesthouse.  He is worried that we would get lost in the labyrinths of Stonetown.
At night, we eat at the fish-market in Stonetown.  The food is cheap, but tasty and fresh.  At one of the stands, I order a tuna fish on a needle with vegetables and fries and sit on a bench to eat.  The last hunk of fish was hanging next to the barbecue, I suppose because it is still raw and I leave that on my plate.  A young black boy sits next to me and he taps on my shoulder.  “Mister, may I have the fish please?” I say yes and like a hungry animal, the boy takes the fish from my plate.  Fully convinced now that there is hunger on the island, I order a second plate and eat only a little from that and put it on a table.  I turn my back and a few seconds later, I look over my shoulder.  The plate has already vanished in the night…
Mario picks-up his diving material in the DHL-office and that bag that was sent from Belgium did arrive here.  Today we stay in Stonetown again and we meet four Belgian people from Louvain.  One of them has a high fever and they wisely decide to go see a medical doctor.  Turns out he’s got malaria and instantly gets mefloquin-treatment, a tough treatment, they say.  It is a bit terrifying to us also, because now we realise that malaria is a real threat here.  Nowadays, malaria is easier to treat thanks to new and better medication, it is now possible to even cure that completely.  But still death rate from malaria is at 1%.  The main reason of this is that many victims wait too long to go to a doctor and simply die of too high fever.
Two of the people from Louvain take us to the Via Via on Zanzibar.  There is a female Belgian owner at that place.  She had malaria also for several times already.
I drink a Tanzanian beer in a Belgian Jupiler-glass.  The beer goes in a little too smoothly.  In the same way as I reached the top of the Kilimanjaro, I now leave the Via Via in Zanzibar.
In the north of Zanzibar, there are some nice “Bounty-beaches”.  We go to village of Nungwi and it rains all day.  Although it is not too cold, the sea doesn’t invite us much to swim.  But Nungwi is a tourist-spot by the book, so there is enough to see and do to spend the day.
A white female, who apparently just arrived on Zanzibar, orders a Cola-light in a bar.  “I am sorry, but we don’t have that”, the waiter replies.  As if in a hungry continent like Africa, there would be a need for such a poor-in-calorie diet drink!
In the evening the sun appears.  We are getting a nice sunset after all.  Tens of sailing-boats leave the shore, they will fish at night.  The small sailing-boats are called dhow’s here.  Musing from the beach while the sun is setting and the boats are leaving, I imagine what would happen to the poor fishermen if their dhow’s would be destined to have the same fate as that other Dow we all now from the US and which has fallen to enormous depths this summer…
Nungwi awakes, different than yesterday, in a burning sun.  We walk along the beach to the “aquarium”.  Here they hold turtles and fish.  The natural lake in which the animals are kept is connected to the sea.  The water is salty and goes up and down, together with the tides.  The turtles are even doing better than the tortoises on Prison Island.  They become 120 years of age and grow 1.5 meters in length!  These animals are also highly endangered to extinction.  They are protected animals, but their meat is a delicacy.  In this lake, the young turtles are kept until they are old enough to be released into open sea.  It is nice to notice that in Africa too, they start realising they have to protect their native species and prevent them from becoming extinct.  Perhaps this is only a drop of water on a hot plate, because there will always be hunters in a continent with so much hunger.  But it is a start anyway…

Nungwi in the evening


We're getting another beautiful sunset tonight.  Bok and Mario are on a photo-hunt again, while I enjoy the spectacle on my own on a rock near the beach.  Underneath me, the waves are smashing.  There is a plastic bottle, dancing lonely on the waves while the sun slowly reaches the horizon.  Suddenly a second plastic bottle rises from the sea.  Through an amazing coincidence, the two bottles touch each other.  They float together for a few moments, and then each go their own way again in the endless sea.  And I think about Jason and Frey, how we met them through an amazing coincidence and how we had a good but short time together in the Serengeti, the endless sea.  And how we parted, each going our own way and probably never meet again...
Bok and I leave Mario behind in the morning.  Our travelling has come to an end, but Mario stays one more week to dive here.
On the way back to Stonetown, my mind wonders if Zanzibar really is paradise like it is always presented.
Surely not for everybody.  The locals are poor and some of them are hungry and for many of them, there is the daily struggle to somehow survive.  And for the rich visitor?  It is a place that invites us to live through beautiful moments.  Sharing food with the hungry people, musing at sunset with dancing plastic bottles.  These moments make paradise, I guess, not really the location only.
Our way back home is divided into 7 steps with 5 different modes of transportation.  First a minivan to Stonetown, then a boat to mainland Africa, after that a taxi to the airport of Dar, then a flight to Amsterdam, a train to Berchem, another train to Heist, where dad gives us a ride to home in his new Citroën.  And then, there is another moment in paradise.  For the first time in my life, I see the 4 weeks old little Nina, together with her mom, dad, grandma and grandpa.  And now I know for sure, paradise is not a place, it’s a moment, no matter where…
 

Yves Van Roosbroeck
Hallaar, August 2002